Cochlear implantation compliance among minorities at high risk for hearing impairment following universal newborn hearing screening

Oren Ziv, Mattan Danovitch, Daniel M. Kaplan, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Revital Gorali, Lea Kurtzman, Sofia Kordeluk, Sabri El-Saied, Yuval Slovik, Oded Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) allows for early detection of hearing impairment (HI). The goal of this current study was to evaluate the impact of cultural background involving consanguineous marriage on newborn HI diagnosed using UNHS, and compliance with hearing rehabilitation. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cohort study that included all children born at a single tertiary medical center between 2011 and 2017 who did not pass the UNHS (oto-acoustic emission and auditory brainstem response), and were diagnosed with HI. The study group included children from consanguineous marriage cultural background which were compared to a control group—all other children. Data were retrieved from the computerized medical charts and included epidemiological, audiological, and pregnancy/delivery-related data, and known risk factors for congenital HI. Results: A total of 238 (196 study and 42 control) neonates were diagnosed with HI. Family history of HI was significantly more prevalent in the study group in mild–severe and profound HI subgroups (p = 0.03 and 0.01, respectively). Study group demonstrated lower rates of cochlear implantation (CI) compliance (p = 0.079), performed at a significantly older age (23 months (IQR 17–36.5) vs. 16 (IQR 12–26) months, p = 0.021). When recommended, bilateral CI compliance was significantly lower in the study group (94.1 vs.48.9%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: UNHS allows for early HI detection among minority populations at higher risk for CI, yet compliance rates remain lower compared with control. Familiarity of families with the importance of early detection and HI risk may result in higher compliance rates for cochlear implantation. Health providers should aim to improve education and communication with this unique group of patients and consider health promotion programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2877-2882
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume281
Issue number6
Early online date12 Dec 2023
DOIs
StatePublished Online - 12 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Cochlear implantation
  • Congenital, hearing impairment
  • Newborn, deafness
  • Risk factors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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