Clinical and Prognostic Features of Diabetic Ketoacidosis According to the Trigger of the Syndrome

Ran Ben David, Iftach Sagy, Alan Jotkowitz, Leonid Barski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute metabolic, life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus with a mortality rate that now stand at less than 1%. Although mortality is coupled with the etiology of DKA, literature on the influence of DKA etiology on patient outcome is scarce. Objectives: To study different triggers for DKA and their effect on outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study that include 385 DKA patients from 2004 to 2017. The study compared demographics, clinical presentation, and mortality rates by different precipitating factors. Results: Patients with DKA due to infections had a higher risk to develop in-hospital mortality after controlling for age and sex (odds ratio 4.40,95% confidence interval 1.35-14.30), had a higher Charlson Comorbidity Index score, a higher risk of being mechanical ventilated (14% vs. 3%, P< 0.01), and a longer duration of hospitalization (5 days vs. 3 days, P < 0.001). Conclusions: It is crucial to find the triggers that precipitate DKA and start the treatment as early as possible in addition to the metabolic aspect of the treatment especially when the trigger is an infectious disease.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)342-345
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume26
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2024

Keywords

  • diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • infectious disease
  • mortality
  • prevention
  • trigger

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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