Circadian Clocks and Feeding Time Regulate the Oscillations and Levels of Hepatic Triglycerides

Yaarit Adamovich, Liat Rousso Noori, Ziv Zwighaft, Adi Neufeld - Cohen, Marina Golik, Judith Kraut-Cohen, Miao Wang, Xianlin Han, Gad Asher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Circadian clocks play a major role in orchestrating daily physiology, and their disruption can evoke metabolic diseases such as fatty liver and obesity. To study the role of circadian clocks in lipid homeostasis, we performed an extensive lipidomic analysis of liver tissues from wild-type and clock-disrupted mice either fed ad libitum or night fed. To our surprise, a similar fraction of lipids (similar to 17%) oscillated in both mouse strains, most notably triglycerides, but with completely different phases. Moreover, several master lipid regulators (e. g., PPAR alpha) and enzymes involved in triglyceride metabolism retained their circadian expression in clock-disrupted mice. Nighttime restricted feeding shifted the phase of triglyceride accumulation and resulted in similar to 50% decrease in hepatic triglyceride levels in wild-type mice. Our findings suggest that circadian clocks and feeding time dictate the phase and levels of hepatic triglyceride accumulation; however, oscillations in triglycerides can persist in the absence of a functional clock.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-330
Number of pages12
JournalCell Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


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