Chip-based self-referencing using integrated lithium niobate waveguides

Yoshitomo Okawachi, Mengjie Yu, Boris Desiatov, Bok Young Kim, Tobias Hansson, Marko Lončar, Alexander L. Gaeta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The measurement and stabilization of the carrier-envelope offset frequency fCEO via self-referencing is paramount for optical frequency comb generation, which has revolutionized precision frequency metrology, spectroscopy, and optical clocks. Over the past decade, the development of chip-scale platforms has enabled compact integrated waveguides for supercontinuum generation. However, there is a critical need for an on-chip self-referencing system that is adaptive to different pump wavelengths, requires low pulse energy, and does not require complicated processing. Here, we demonstrate efficient fCEO stabilization of a modelocked laser with only 107 pJ of pulse energy via self-referencing in an integrated lithium niobate waveguide. We realize an f -2 f interferometer through second-harmonic generation and subsequent supercontinuum generation in a single dispersion-engineered waveguide with a stabilization performance equivalent to a conventional off-chip module. The fCEO beatnote is measured over a pump wavelength range of 70 nm. We theoretically investigate our system using a single nonlinear envelope equation with contributions from both second- and third-order nonlinearities. Our modeling reveals rich ultrabroadband nonlinear dynamics and confirms that the initial second-harmonic generation followed by supercontinuum generation with the remaining pump is responsible for the generation of a strong fCEO signal as compared to a traditional f -2 f interferometer. Our technology provides a highly simplified system that is robust, low in cost, and adaptable for precision metrology for use outside a research laboratory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-707
Number of pages6
JournalOptica
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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