Can the Error-Monitoring System Differentiate ADHD From ADHD With Reading Disability? Reading and Executive Dysfunction as Reflected in Error Monitoring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: ADHD and reading disability (RD) are distinct disorders that often appear together. Individuals with both disorders are currently diagnosed based on questionnaires/behavioral performance. The present study aimed to determine whether ADHD alone differs from ADHD with RD in error monitoring, which is part of the executive system, as measured while reading. Method: Event-related potentials were recorded during a lexical decision task performed by children with comorbid ADHD and RD and children with ADHD. Results: Lower executive function and reading abilities were accompanied by decreased event-related potential components in participants with ADHD and RD, compared with participants with ADHD. Conclusion: Results suggest that the error monitoring activation can be used as a possible biomarker to objectively differentiate ADHD with RD from ADHD alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-902
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • error monitoring
  • reading
  • reading disability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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