Can soil carbonate dissolution lead to overestimation of soil respiration?

Guy Tamir, Moshe Shenker, Hadar Heller, Paul R. Bloom, Pinchas Fine, Asher Bar-Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Root and microbial respiration is considered to be the main source of CO 2 production in soil; however, calcite dissolution in calcareous soils may contribute to the emitted CO 2. The major aim of this research was to quantify the contribution of CaCO 3 dissolution to CO 2 emission from a soil with and without the addition of an organic residue. Emissions of CO 2 and its δ 13C from incubated noncalcareous (Golan Heights [GH], -26.23%) and calcareous (Bet She'an [BS], -11.47%) soils with and without the addition of a pasteurized chicken manure (PCM, -23.2%) were determined. During 56 d of incubation, 445 and 1804 mg kg-1 CO 2-C emitted from BS and GH soils, and PCM application caused additional emission of 2430 and 1884 mg kg -1 CO 2-C, respectively. The NO 3 --N concentrations in the control BS and GH soils were 46 and 133 mg kg-1 and PCM application increased it to 508 and 577 mg kg -1, respectively. The emitted CO 2- δ 13C from BS and GH soils were -20.0 ± 0.2% and -27.2 ± 0.09% and application of PCM changed it to -20.6 ± 0.42% and -23.7 ± 0.16%, respectively. Consequently, the contributions of the inorganic source to CO 2-C emission from BS without and with PCM and from GH with PCM were 113.4, 417.5, and 176 mg kg -1 (26.5, 14.5, and 5% of the total), respectively. We suggest that oxidation of organic matter, mineralization of organic N, NH4 nitrification, oxidation of organic S, and production of organic acids caused chemical dissolution of calcite and CO 2 emission. Ignoring this process will result in overestimation of the respired C.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1414-1422
Number of pages9
JournalSoil Science Society of America Journal
Volume75
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science

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