Burns During Coronavirus Disease 19 Lockdown: a Multi-Center Retrospective Study in Israel

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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic forced many countries into lockdowns to limit the spread of infection. Israel's containment measures included school closures, mobility restrictions, and workforce reductions. Our study evaluated the effect of COVID-19 on the occurrence and patterns of burn injuries. The study data was obtained via retrospective chart review of burn patients treated between March 15, 2020 and April 30, 2020, namely the period of strict national lockdown. This data was compared against data from paralleling periods between 2017 and 2019. A total of 686 patients were treated for burn injuries in the two study periods. Age group analysis revealed an increased ratio of pediatric patients aged 0-3 years during the lockdown (55.91% vs 40.79%, P = .002). In contrast, there were fewer patients presenting with burn injuries in the 7-16 and 17-29 age groups (9.66% vs 3.15%, P = .017; 16.46% vs 7.09%, P = .007, respectively). During both study periods, scald injuries were the most common burn etiology and burn injuries occurred most often at home. This predominance was further pronounced during the lockdown (71.65% vs 58.68%, P = .007; 90.55% vs 74.60%, P = .0001, respectively). The lockdown period underlined the danger faced by pediatric patients in their household environment. This danger was possibly compounded by an improper level of adult supervision as parents transitioned to remote work. These findings can educate us about factors that render burn injuries more likely not only during lockdowns, but also during regular times, thus shaping the development of burn prevention practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-80
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2023


  • Adult
  • Burn Units
  • Burns/epidemiology
  • COVID-19/epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Humans
  • Israel/epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery
  • General Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine


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