Biological Treatment of Nitroaromatics in Wastewater

Swati Gupta, Zeev Ronen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Nitroaromatic compounds (NACs), which are widely used in pesticides, explosives, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, include nitrobenzene, nitrotoluenes, nitrophenols, and nitrobenzoates. They are also significant industrial pollutants in the environment. These substances, as well as their derivatives, frequently have toxic or mutagenic properties. Wastewater containing nitroaromatic compounds can be effectively managed by using biological treatment methods that are accessible, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly. This review highlights the latest developments in biological treatment systems for removing NACs from wastewater. The large-scale implementation of biological treatment systems will be facilitated by future studies that focus on identifying the best operational methods and that determine how co-pollutants impact the removal of NACs from wastewater.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number901
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024


  • aerobic degradation
  • bioremediation
  • nitroaromatic compounds
  • nitrobenzoates
  • nitrophenols
  • nitrotoluenes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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