Baseline retinal OCT measurements in normal female beagles: The effects of eccentricity, meridian, and age on retinal layer thickness

Ron Ofri, Björn Ekesten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Our aim was to generate baseline optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of retinal thickness in female Beagles and to determine how these are affected by meridian, eccentricity, and age. Methods: Twenty-three female Beagles, including six puppies (<6 months old), six mature (1.8-8.2 years old), and 11 elderly dogs (>11 years old) were studied. Both retinas of each dog were scanned (in 4 principal meridians) using the Heidelberg Spectralis following ophthalmic examination, refraction, and sedation. In each eye and each meridian, total retinal, outer retinal, and nerve fiber layer (NFL) thickness were measured from the disc rim up to 6 mm peripherally. Results: The canine retina is thickest dorsally and thinnest ventrally. Total retinal, outer retinal, and NFL thickness decrease progressively and significantly as a function of eccentricity. The greatest eccentricity-dependent thinning occurs dorsally. This thinning is due mostly to NFL tapering, while the eccentricity-dependent change in outer retinal thickness is more moderate, especially in the lateral meridian, possibly due to the presence of the visual streak. The retina is thickest in puppies, but there were no significant differences between mature and elderly dogs. Conclusions: Our results provide normative values for total, outer, and inner retinal thickness in female dogs and may facilitate OCT use in the diagnosis of canine glaucoma and inherited retinopathies.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Ophthalmology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • dog
  • imaging
  • nerve fiber layer
  • optical coherence tomography
  • outer retina
  • retina

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Veterinary

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