The constant increase in aquaculture production has led to extensive use of antibiotics as a means to prevent and treat diseases, with adverse implications on the environment, animal health and commensal microbes. Gut microbes are important for the host proper functioning, thus evaluating such impacts is highly crucial. Examining the antibiotic impact on gut segments with different physiological roles may provide insight into their effects on these microhabitats. Hence, we evaluated the effect of feed-administrated antibiotics on the composition and metabolic potential of the gut microbiome in the European seabass, an economically important aquaculture species. We used quantitative PCR to measure bacterial copy numbers, and amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene to describe the composition along the gut, after 7-days administration of two broad-range antibiotic mixtures at two concentrations. While positive correlation was found between antibiotic concentration and bacterial abundance, we showed a differential effect of antibiotics on the composition along the gut, highlighting distinct impacts on these microbial niches. Moreover, we found an increase in abundance of predicted pathways related to antibiotic-resistance. Overall, we show that a high portion of the European seabass gut microbiome persisted, despite the examined antibiotic intake, indicating high stability to perturbations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes