An investigation on the relationship between the stability of lithium anode and lithium nitrate in electrolyte

Linghui Yu, Jiajia Song, Luyuan Paul Wang, Samuel Jun Hoong Ong, Chengding Gu, Hanbin Liao, Ting Wang, Wei Chen, Ovadia Lev, Zhichuan J. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the relationship between lithium anode and electrolyte is important to develop a more compatible lithium/electrolyte system for stable and safe cycling of lithium-metal based batteries. However, to date, there has not been any work to quantify the effects of electrolyte on the performance of electrode due to the complexity. Herein, we quantify the relationship between an electrolyte additive, LiNO3, and the stability of lithium anode. It is found that, with increasing the amount of LiNO3, the cyclability of lithium anode rises linearly and the risk of dendrite-induced short circuits can be reduced. Low Coulombic efficiency (CE) and short circuits tend to occur in tandem. LiNO3 is found to be continuously consumed upon electrochemical cycling, which leads to a low CE and a high risk of short circuits.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)A3570-A3574
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume166
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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