An amulet from khirbet Wadi hamam

Rivka Elitzur Leiman, Uzi Leibner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This article describes an amulet in the shape of a thin copper plaque that was found on the floor of a domestic structure at Khirbet Wadi Hamam in the eastern Lower Galilee. It contains an engraved five-line inscription with a sequence of magic signs and a few Hebrew (or pseudo-Hebrew) letters. Dated to the first half of the fourth century CE, the amulet is the earliest example of its type known to date from a Jewish context. Its meaning, use and place in the development of such amulets are discussed, as well as its date and the stratigraphic context in which it was found.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalIsrael Exploration Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology


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