Akkadian Substrate Words and Meanings Surfacing in Neo-Aramaic

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The present article concerns twelve cases of Akkadian lexical influences on Aramaic that are not manifest until the modern period. These are added to several cases already discussed in scholarly works, and include ten substrate words and two loan translations, all in North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA), and in one case of loan translation apparently also in Western Neo-Aramaic (assuming a westward diffusion of the innovation involved). As most Akkadian lexical influences which surface in Neo-Aramaic are confined to NENA, it seems that the main reasons for the lack of their attestation in pre-modern Aramaic is the strictly vernacular nature of the remote progenitor of NENA, and the fact that the history of this dialect group is not attested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-51
Number of pages28
JournalBrill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018


  • Akkadian
  • Neo-Mandaic
  • nena
  • semantic loan
  • substrate word

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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