Advanced Ni-Rich and Li, Mn-Rich Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Francis Amalraj Susai, Hadar Sclar, Ravikumar Raman, Evan Erickson, Florian Schipper, Mudit Dixit, Dan T. Mayor, Judith Grinblat, Michael Talianker, Boris Markovsky, Doron Aurbach

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


This presentation summarizes the recent studies in Bar-Ilan University of materials for positive electrodes of Li-ion batteries. The materials included lithiated oxides of Ni-based family Li[Ni-Co-Mn]O 2 (layered, R-3m space group) and of Li,Mn-rich layered-layered xLi 2 MnO 3 . (1-x)Li M O 2 ( M =Ni, Co, Mn), 0Co>Mn. It was concluded from XPS studies that the modified stable and less resistive interface on the Al-doped particles comprised the Li + -ion conducting centers like LiAlO 2 , AlF 3 , etc., which promote, to some extent, the Li + transport to the bulk and therefore facilitate the electrochemical reactions [2]. We discuss also the following issues: ab-initio calculations of the preferential substitution of Zr 4+ at Mn, Co or Ni sites; influence of Zr 4+ and Mo 6+ ions on the Li + /Ni 2+ mixing, charge distribution, the lattice constants, as well as partial layered-to-spinel structural transformation and thermal characteristics of cathode materials in reactions with solutions. In case of Li,Mn-rich cathode materials, we used thin surface coatings, as well as gas treatment with ammonia at 400 °C to stabilize these materials. The AlF 3 -coated electrodes exhibit stable charge-discharge behavior providing higher capacities and lower fade upon prolonged cycling at 60 °C. It has been found that electrodes comprising the AlF 3 -coated material exhibited higher reversible capacities of ∼250 mAh/g at a C/5 rate, more stable cycling behavior, higher lithium storage capability at 60 o C, and lower impedance measured during Li-deinteraclation comparing to electrodes prepared from the uncoated material. An important finding is that Li x [MnNiCo]O 2 /AlF 3 materials revealed much higher thermal stability both in the pristine (lithiated) and cycled (delithiated) states than their uncoated counterparts [1]. Ammonia treatment of Li,Mn-rich materials for 2 h improves discharge capacity, lowers capacity and mean voltage fading during cycling. The mechanism of the ammonia treatment will be discussed. Further work will explore full cell studies with graphite anodes to confirm if NH 3 treatment can indeed improve the likelihood of commercialization of the above materials [3]. Fig : 1 Discharge capacity of the electrodes comprising NH 3 -treated and untreated Li,Mn-rich 0.35Li 2 MnO 3 ·0.65LiNi 0.35 Mn 0.45 Co 0.20 O 2 materials. The treatment was performed for 1, 2 and 4 hours, as indicated. References : [1] S. F. Amalraj, M. Talianker, B. Markovsky et al . J. Electrochem. Soc . 160 (2013) A2220. [2] D. Aurbach, O. Srur-Lavi, C. Ghanty et al . J. Electrochem. Soc . 162 (2015) A1014. [3] Evan M. Erickson, Hadar Sclar, Florian Schipper, B. Markovsky et al., Adv. Energy Mater. , 7 , (2017) 1700708 Figure 1
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)310-310
Number of pages1
JournalECS Meeting Abstracts
Issue number310
StatePublished - 2018


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