A polynomial time algorithm for the ground state of one-dimensional gapped local Hamiltonians

Zeph Landau, Umesh Vazirani, Thomas Vidick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The density matrix renormalization group method has been extensively used to study the ground state of 1D many-body systems since its introduction two decades ago. In spite of its wide use, this heuristic method is known to fail in certain cases and no certifiably correct implementation is known, leaving researchers faced with an ever-growing toolbox of heuristics, none of which is guaranteed to succeed. Here we develop a polynomial time algorithm that provably finds the ground state of any 1D quantum system described by a gapped local Hamiltonian with constant ground-state energy. The algorithm is based on a framework that combines recently discovered structural features of gapped 1D systems with an efficient construction of a class of operators called approximate ground-state projections (AGSPs). The combination of these tools yields a method that is guaranteed to succeed in all 1D gapped systems. An AGSP-centric approach may help guide the search for algorithms for more general quantum systems, including for the central challenge of 2D systems, where even heuristic methods have had more limited success.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-569
Number of pages4
JournalNature Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


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