Objective Intraoperative cerebral events are mainly caused by emboli generated by operative manipulation of the aorta. This study aimed to delineate the distribution profiles of emboli with 2 widely used cannulae and a third novel research cannula that simultaneously produces forward flow and backward suction to extract emboli from the distal aorta during cardiac surgery. Methods The current in vitro study used a silicone model of the aortic arch and branches. The main outcome measure was the distribution profile of embolic particles of different sizes to the aortic branches; 2 commercial cannulae and a third novel cannula with and without suction were used. The research cannula was examined at different suction levels and the amount of particles retrieved was measured. Results For the research curved-tip cannula, most of the small emboli were released into the brachiocephalic trunk in the model (P <.05). For the straight-tip cannula, most of the small emboli were released into the descending aorta (P <.05). Regarding the commercial curved-tipped cannula, most of the small emboli were released into the brachiocephalic trunk (47.14% ± 4.78%; P <.05) and the medium and large emboli were predominantly released into the descending aorta. Using suction, the research cannula retrieved most of the emboli released into the aorta for all particle sizes (50%-83%; P <.05). Conclusions A straight-tip cannula may be safer in terms of cerebral embolic consequences during cardiac surgery. Furthermore, the use of the research aortic cannula may be beneficial in the cardiac surgery setting by reducing the postoperative risk for stroke.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine