A 12th-Century BCE Shipwreck Assemblage Containing Copper Ingots, from Neve-Yam, Israel

Ehud Galili, Dafna Langgut, Ehud Arkin Shalev, Baruch Rosen, Naama Yahalom-Mack, Isaac Ogloblin Ramirez, Assaf Yasur-Landau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A shipwreck assemblage from the Neve-Yam bay is described, reevaluated, and discussed in relation to the associated artifacts recovered at its site, including copper ingots, stone anchors, hematite weights, bronze artifacts, and pottery. Taking into consideration the site formation and postdepositional processes and the possible dating of the various finds, based on their typology, a radiocarbon date, and the suggested provenance of the copper ingots in the ‘Araba Valley, the cargo is dated to the transition period between the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age (twelfth century BCE) known as the “crisis years.” The maritime activity and trading routes of metal in the eastern Mediterranean during these years are discussed, suggesting that the Neve-Yam shipwreck provides direct evidence for inland and maritime transport of copper during this time, when evidence for international maritime activity along the Syro-Canaanite-Anatolian coast is scarce. A holistic view from the Middle Bronze Age till Iron Age II is provided, indicating the oscillations of Mediterranean maritime activities, based on the underwater and inland finds from the southern Levant.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMediterranean Resilience
Subtitle of host publicationCollapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies
EditorsAssaf Yasur-Landau, Gil Gambash, Thomas E. Levy
Place of PublicationSheffield, South Yorkshire
PublisherEquinox Publishing Ltd
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781800503700
ISBN (Print)9781800503694, 1800503695
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NameNew Directions in Anthropological Archaeology


  • Underwater
  • Archaeology
  • Israel
  • Coast
  • Bronze Age
  • Shipwrecks


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