P2Y receptors are activated by nucleotides and involved in numerous physiological/pathophysiological processes. However, investigations of specific P2Y receptor functions have been hampered by lack of suitable receptor agonists-antagonists. Recently, we identified the nucleotide 5-OMe-UDP as potent and selective agonist for human P2Y6 receptors. We studied a series of derivatives of this analog with a Pα-borano group substituting a non-bridging oxygen and found increased potency and receptor specificity. Rp-5-OMe-UDPαB (Rp-5-OMe-uridine 5'-O-α-boranodiphosphate) was most potent and selective in inducing intracellular calcium signaling in 1321N1 astrocytoma cells expressing the human P2Y6 receptor. Here, we investigated whether Rp-5-OMe-UDPαB evokes cell protection through human P2Y6 receptors. We tested a well-established model, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-induced cell death in 1321N1 astrocytoma cells. Rp-5-OMe-UDPαB inhibited TNFα-induced cell death even stronger than UDP. These first data of a neuro-protective activity of the human P2Y6 receptor emphasize the potential of the stable, selective, and potent Rp-5-OMe-UDPαB analog for exploiting P2Y6 receptor-mediated cellular functions, like cytoprotection in human tissues, with suitability for future neuro-protective drug development.
- Purinergic agonist
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