הפערים החדשים: הסכמי גג כמנגנון לאי־שוויון מרחבי

Translated title of the contribution: The New Gaps: Umbrella Agreements as a Mechanism of Spatial Inequality

שרון אשל, ארן יפתחאל, טליה מרגלית, אורן יפתחאל

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mechanism of the “umbrella agreements,” which was part of the response to the housing crisis of 2011, was intended to significantly increase the supply of housing by mitigating the opposition of local authorities to residential construction in their territory. An umbrella agreement stipulates that the local authority agrees to the construction of thousands of housing units on state-owned land within its territory,while the government transfers a portion of the marketing proceeds for the building of infrastructure. Such transactions, in which each of the parties has duties and profits and which are motivated by considerations of entrepreneurial and budgetary profit, have characterized the neoliberal city in recent decades, but they were “rescaled” to the state level following the 2011 housing crisis. This study shows that, like the planning transactions that are common in Israeli urban planning, and which deepen inequality,the umbrella agreements widen the gaps that exist between weak and strong authorities.In this context, weak authorities sign agreements that prove harmful to the city and its residents, while the powerful sign agreements that prove beneficial. This phenomenon results from the nature of the umbrella agreement mechanism, as well as from the implementation of a government housing policy that relies on land values and entrepreneurial concepts, instead of on the housing needs of the citizens of the cities and the country.
Translated title of the contributionThe New Gaps: Umbrella Agreements as a Mechanism of Spatial Inequality
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)137-167
Number of pages31
Journalמחקרי רגולציה
Volumeז'
StatePublished - 2023

IHP publications

  • ihp
  • Central-local government relations
  • Cities and towns
  • City planning
  • Contracts
  • Equality
  • Housing
  • Housing policy
  • Land use
  • Local government
  • Marketing
  • Power (Social sciences)
  • Regional planning -- Israel
  • Social integration
  • Social stratification
  • בנייה למגורים -- היבטים כלכליים וחברתיים
  • דיור
  • חוזים
  • מדיניות כלכלית -- דיור ושיכון
  • עוצמה
  • ערים
  • פער חברתי
  • קרקע למגורים
  • ריבוד חברתי
  • שוויון
  • שיווק
  • שלטון מקומי
  • שלטון מקומי ושלטון מרכזי
  • תוכניות מתאר
  • תכנון ערים

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