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Research interests

Laboratory for the synthesis of innovative nanostructures        

Carbon nanostructured materials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, and graphene are prime candidates of new battery and supercapacitor elements that can massively improve battery efficiency for energy conversion and storage. Such devices have the potential to provide extremely high surface per unit volume of catalytically active sites, making a three to fivefold improvement in energy density possible.

Despite attempts to combine carbon nanostructures with active electrode materials, the mechanisms of carbon nanostructure growth are still not fully explained, and critical issues remain: 1) energy density is far below the theoretical level, 2) cyclability is limited, and 3) most synthesis techniques work in the lab but are impractical for industrial production.

The goal of the Nessim lab is to study the scientific mechanisms of the synthesis of nanostructures and to develop relevant industrial applications, with a prime emphasis on energy devices (batteries and supercapacitors). The group currently comprises two postdocs, two PhD candidates, a Masters student, and two visiting summer students. Additionally, the group collaborates with researchers in BIU (e.g., Aurbach and Lellouche groups) and with researchers in the USA (MIT, U.Michigan, Vanderbilt) and Europe (ETH).

We plan to study in-situ, simultaneous synthesis and functionalization of carbon nanostructures primarily by chemical vapor deposition. Because this way the growth of the carbon nanostructures and their functionalization with active electrode material will happen at the same time, the method has the potential to synthesise ultra-dense composite structures, maximizing energy density while maintaining structural integrity and high cyclability. These studies will uncover many scientific aspects of carbon nanostructure nucleation, growth, and functionalization. Multiple material combinations corresponding to selected battery and supercapacitor chemistries will be synthesized and electrochemically tested. Customized, industrially-scalable plasma-enhanced CVD synthesis equipment will be used to synthesize the electrodes.

The learning of mechanisms and factors affecting simultaneous carbon nanostructure growth and functionalization is critical for nanotechnology. Success in this research will allow the development of ultra-high energy density batteries and supercapacitors that will make the electric car a manufacturing reality with great consequences to the environment and society.

Research interests

The laboratory of Dr. Gilbert Daniel Nessim at Bar Ilan University (Israel) focuses on the synthesis of nanostructures using state-of-the-art chemical vapor deposition equipment and liquid-based chemistry. The scientific focus is to better understand the complex growth mechanisms of these nanostructures, to possibly functionalize them to tune their properties, and to integrate them into innovative devices. Dr. Nessim joined the faculty of chemistry at Bar Ilan University in 2010. He holds a Ph.D in Materials Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), an MBA from INSEAD (France), and Masters in Electrical Engineering from the Politecnico di Milano and from the Ecole Centrale Paris (ECP, within the Erasmus/TIME program). Prior to his Ph.D, Dr. Nessim spent a decade in the high-tech industry and consulting across Europe, USA, and Israel

Education/Academic qualification

PhD

Oct 2005Jun 2009

Award Date: 30 Jun 2009

Master

Oct 1989Jun 1991

Award Date: 30 Jun 1991

Master

Oct 1984Jun 1989

Award Date: 30 Jun 1989

Oct 2005Jun 2009

Oct 1989Jun 1991

Oct 1984Jun 1989

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