Mutual information, perceptual independence, and holistic face perception

نتاج البحث: نشر في مجلةمقالةمراجعة النظراء

ملخص

The concept of perceptual independence is ubiquitous in psychology. It addresses the question of whether two (or more) dimensions are perceived independently. Several authors have proposed perceptual independence (or its lack thereof) as a viable measure of holistic face perception (Loftus, Oberg, & Dillon, Psychological Review 111:835-863, 2004; Wenger & Ingvalson, Learning, Memory, and Cognition 28:872-892, 2002). According to this notion, the processing of facial features occurs in an interactive manner. Here, I examine this idea from the perspective of two theories of perceptual independence: the multivariate uncertainty analysis (MUA; Garner & Morton, Definitions, models, and experimental paradigms. Psychological Bulletin 72:233-259, 1969), and the general recognition theory (GRT; Ashby & Townsend, Psychological Review 93:154-179, 1986). The goals of the study were to (1) introduce the MUA, (2) examine various possible relations between MUA and GRT using numerical simulations, and (3) apply the MUA to two consensual markers of holistic face perception-recognition of facial features (Farah, Wilson, Drain, & Tanaka, Psychological Review 105:482-498, 1998) and the composite face effect (Young, Hellawell, & Hay, Perception 16:747-759, 1987). The results suggest that facial holism is generated by violations of several types of perceptual independence. They highlight the important theoretical role played by converging operations in the study of holistic face perception.

اللغة الأصليةالإنجليزيّة
الصفحات (من إلى)983-1000
عدد الصفحات18
دوريةAttention, Perception, and Psychophysics
مستوى الصوت75
رقم الإصدار5
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرنُشِر - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • !!Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • !!Sensory Systems
  • !!Language and Linguistics
  • !!Linguistics and Language

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