Glutathione revisited: A vital function in iron metabolism and ancillary role in thiol-redox control

Chitranshu Kumar, Aeid Igbaria, Benoît D'Autreaux, Anne Gaëlle Planson, Christophe Junot, Emmanuel Godat, Anand K. Bachhawat, Agnés Delaunay-Moisan, Michel B. Toledano

نتاج البحث: نشر في مجلةمقالةمراجعة النظراء

ملخص

Glutathione contributes to thiol-redox control and to extra-mitochondrial irong-sulphur cluster (ISC) maturation. To determine the physiological importance of these functions and sort out those that account for the GSH requirement for viability, we performed a comprehensive analysis of yeast cells depleted of or containing toxic levels of GSH. Both conditions triggered an intense iron starvation-like response and impaired the activity of extra-mitochondrial ISC enzymes but did not impact thiol-redox maintenance, except for high glutathione levels that altered oxidative protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum. While iron partially rescued the ISC maturation and growth defects of GSH-depleted cells, genetic experiments indicated that unlike thioredoxin, glutathione could not support by itself the thiol-redox duties of the cell. We propose that glutathione is essential by its requirement in ISC assembly, but only serves as a thioredoxin backup in cytosolic thiol-redox maintenance. Glutathione-high physiological levels are thus meant to insulate its cytosolic function in iron metabolism from variations of its concentration during redox stresses, a model challenging the traditional view of it as prime actor in thiol-redox control.

اللغة الأصليةإنجليزيّة أمريكيّة
الصفحات (من إلى)2044-2056
عدد الصفحات13
دوريةEMBO Journal
مستوى الصوت30
رقم الإصدار10
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرنُشِر - 18 مايو 2011
منشور خارجيًانعم

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • !!General Immunology and Microbiology
  • !!General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • !!Molecular Biology
  • !!General Neuroscience

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