Coastal high-frequency radars in the Mediterranean - Part 2: Applications in support of science priorities and societal needs

Emma Reyes, Eva Aguiar, Michele Bendoni, Maristella Berta, Carlo Brandini, Alejandro Caceres-Euse, Fulvio Capodici, Vanessa Cardin, Daniela Cianelli, Giuseppe Ciraolo, Lorenzo Corgnati, Vlado Dadic, Bartolomeo Doronzo, Aldo Drago, Dylan Dumas, Pierpaolo Falco, Maria Fattorini, Maria J. Fernandes, Adam Gauci, Roberto GomezAnnalisa Griffa, Charles Antoine Guerin, Ismael Hernandez-Carrasco, Jaime Hernandez-Lasheras, Matja Licer, Pablo Lorente, Marcello G. Magaldi, Carlo Mantovani, Hrvoje Mihanovic, Anne Molcard, Baptiste Mourre, Adele Revelard, Catalina Reyes-Suarez, Simona Saviano, Roberta Sciascia, Stefano Taddei, Joaquin Tintore, Yaron Toledo, Marco Uttieri, Ivica Vilibic, Enrico Zambianchi, Alejandro Orfila

نتاج البحث: نشر في مجلةمقالة مرجعيةمراجعة النظراء

ملخص

The Mediterranean Sea is a prominent climate-change hot spot, with many socioeconomically vital coastal areas being the most vulnerable targets for maritime safety, diverse met-ocean hazards and marine pollution. Providing an unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution at wide coastal areas, high-frequency radars (HFRs) have been steadily gaining recognition as an effective land-based remote sensing technology for continuous monitoring of the surface circulation, increasingly waves and occasionally winds. HFR measurements have boosted the thorough scientific knowledge of coastal processes, also fostering a broad range of applications, which has promoted their integration in coastal ocean observing systems worldwide, with more than half of the European sites located in the Mediterranean coastal areas. In this work, we present a review of existing HFR data multidisciplinary science-based applications in the Mediterranean Sea, primarily focused on meeting end-user and science-driven requirements, addressing regional challenges in three main topics: (i) maritime safety, (ii) extreme hazards and (iii) environmental transport process. Additionally, the HFR observing and monitoring regional capabilities in the Mediterranean coastal areas required to underpin the underlying science and the further development of applications are also analyzed. The outcome of this assessment has allowed us to provide a set of recommendations for future improvement prospects to maximize the contribution to extending science-based HFR products into societally relevant downstream services to support blue growth in the Mediterranean coastal areas, helping to meet the UN's Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development and the EU's Green Deal goals.

اللغة الأصليةالإنجليزيّة
الصفحات (من إلى)797-837
عدد الصفحات41
دوريةOcean Science
مستوى الصوت18
رقم الإصدار3
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرنُشِر - 1 يونيو 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • !!Oceanography
  • !!Paleontology

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